Traumatic brain injury is caused by a bump, jolt, blow or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal functioning of the brain. Not all jolts and blows result in a traumatic brain injury. TBI is a serious health problem and is the cause for a number of deaths and permanent disability.
TBI can cause short or long term functional issues in the brain that may affect a person’s thinking, sensation, ability to understand or communicate depression anxiety personality changes.
TBI can lead to a number of brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and epilepsy.
Mild traumatic brain injuries are also called as concussions.
Symptoms of concussion
A person with concussion can find it difficult to think clearly. Such a person gets easily irritated, suffers from a headache and blurry vision and sleeps more than usual.
Another symptom of concussion is feeling slowed down. Such a person feels nauseated in early stages, remains sad and sleeps less than usual.
Difficulty in concentrating is another symptom of concussion. The person is affected by sensitivity to light and can have balance problems. Such a person becomes more emotional and has trouble falling asleep.
Individuals with concussion can have difficulty remembering new information. Such individuals may feel tired and energy less and are often nervous or anxious.
When to seek medical help?
- You have a headache that does not go away and increases with time.
- Have difficulties in coordination.
- Continued nausea or vomiting.
- Having slurred speech
- Inability to wake up
- Convulsions or seizures
- Getting confused and agitated
- In children if they are continuously crying and inconsolable.
One can recover from concussions in as low as a week and could even take several months.
When you start recovering, it is advised to take lots of rest, limit physical activity and avoid any such activities that may lead to another brain or head injury.
Take a good night sleep and small naps in between daily activities.
Second stage of recovery is when you are allowed to do light activity. In case of children, they can return back to school but need to avoid any strainers physical activity or activities that may cause a head injury. A good night sleep is required at this stage as well, however, daytime naps can be reduced.
In the third stage of recovery, you are allowed the normal moderate activity. At this stage, you can start reading a normal life style but you still need to keep a check on your condition. If the condition worsens, you may need to take more rest and reduce activity for some more time.