Osteoporosis is a condition when the bone becomes fragile and has an increased susceptibility to fracture. Osteoporosis can affect both males and females but more likely to females after Menopause. Generally, it is the lack of calcium and Vitamin D that causes osteoporosis.


Bones in human body start deteriorating after the age of 35. This is when bones lose more calcium than they make. Bone density check is the way to know if you have osteoporosis or high risk of osteoporosis.


The most affected bones are of the arm wrist and spine. Osteoporosis in the vertebrae leads to a stooped posture.


Preventing osteoporosis

Osteoporosis can be prevented by taking enough dietary calcium and Vitamin D in your food. Since this condition happens to a lot of old people, it is recommended take preventive measures right from the childhood.


There is no one way to prevent osteoporosis, a wholesome approach should be followed by taking enough calcium and Vitamin D, doing regular exercise avoiding smoking and alcohol when creating fall proof home.


Diagnosing osteoporosis

Osteoporosis can be diagnosed by doing a bone mineral density test. A BMD test can be done on different bones of your body. The test safe and painless and provides important information about the health of your bone.


Osteoporosis is diagnosed by doing BMD test; your medical practitioner may also do another clinical test to check if osteoporosis is caused by another medical condition.


In some cases, doctors would recommend additional tests to evaluate your bone health. These could be biochemical Marker tests, X-rays, vertebral fracture assessment and bone scans.


Treatment for osteoporosis

Osteoporosis can be treated in both men and women using drugs such as his Bisphosphonates and rank ligand inhibitor.

Medication is also given keeping in mind your age and how much bone you have lost.

Your doctor may also look at your other medical conditions when recommending a medicine.


Preventing falls

Fall prevention is an important consideration for people with osteoporosis. Fall prevention protects your bones from a fracture risk. Not giving adequate importance to fall prevention results and broken hips and spines in people with osteoporosis.


Fall prevention calls in for certain Lifestyle changes. The changes have to be brought in your house and living area like not having loose wires on the floor and keeping the floor clutter free, avoid using step stools, have skid proof packing for your carpets and rugs.


It is recommended to always have a cordless phone or a hand phone ready with yourself who to call others when you need help.


You must also follow certain outdoor safety tips like wearing low heel rubber sole shoes, using handrails by going up Elevators or stairs, using a Walker or cane as needed, avoid going to places with slippery floors.