Migraine is a neurological disease that results in very severe and painful headaches.
These headaches are often recurring and extreme ones can last from a few hours to few days. A migraine mostly affects people between 15 to 55 years of age and over 90% of migraine cases have a family history.
Common triggers that set of migraines are medications and certain diets like chocolate in citrus fruits. Other triggers include insufficient sleep, poor posture, overexertion, stress, depression, anxiety, temperature changes, bright lights and even certain smells.
Some people are able to identify their migraine triggers and prevent a full-blown attack by acting upon such triggers.
Migraine often goes undiagnosed in kids and about 10% school going children suffer from a migraine.
Migraine attacks have other disabling symptoms like dizziness, tingling and numbness in the face, nausea, vomiting and extreme sensitivity to touch and light.
Treatment of migraine
Unfortunately, there is no cure for migraines at present. All treatment measures are aimed at preventing a full-blown attack treating the symptoms that occur.
Lifestyle changes contribute a lot in the prevention of migraines. Doing simple things like drinking lots of water, avoiding certain foods, exercising regularly, avoiding stress, and getting enough sleep can considerably help prevent migraines.
From a clinical standpoint, there are three different approaches to treat a migraine.
Therapy used to stop an attack as soon as it begins is called an acute treatment.
Therapy used to prevent the onset of future attacks and reduce the intensity of pain is called preventive treatment.
Non-drug therapies like Lifestyle changes that help prevent the occurrence of attacks come under complementary treatment.
Differentiating between a migraine and other headaches
Any pain in the head can be termed as a headache. There are different type of headaches such as cluster headaches, Sinus headaches, Chiari headaches and thunderclap headaches. All these headaches have their own symptoms and degrees of severeness.
Migraine headaches are quite intense and are accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, pain in the temples, pain behind an eye or ear, seeing spots or flashing lights, temporary vision loss and vomiting.