Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease occurs due to a buildup of plaque (deposits of cholesterol and other substances) in the walls of arteries that supply blood to the heart. The inside of arteries becomes narrow over a period of time resulting in partial or complete blockage of blood flow.

 

Coronary heart disease weakens the heart muscles over a period of time. the heart is unable to pump the blood properly and may lead to heart failure.

 

A weak heart me also cause pain or discomfort in the chest called angina.

 

Some of the risk factors for CAD are being overweight, unhealthy eating, physical inactivity, and smoking tobacco.

 

Coronary heart disease is diagnosed by measuring blood pressure, cholesterol and sugar levels. in addition to these, medical practitioners conduct a few tests like an electrocardiogram, chest X-Ray, and coronary angiogram. In some cases, cardiac catheterization is done to measure the flow of blood within the heart and collect blood samples all to inject dye in the arteries of the heart.

 

Heart attack

Heart Attack occurs when a part of the heart muscle does not get proper blood flow. Heart Attack left unattended causes greater damage to the muscle of the heart and can even be fatal.

 

About 790000 Americans get Heart Attack every year.

 

Symptoms of heart attack

  • A heart attack is usually characterized by following symptoms:
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain in the chest
  • Discomfort or pain in arms or shoulder
  • Discomfort or pain in neck, jaw or back
  • Feeling weak or lightheaded

 

Sometimes the affected person may feel tiredness and nausea or vomiting.

 

Risk factors

High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes are the main risk factors leading to heart disease.

 

Other Lifestyle factors include a healthy diet, obesity, and physical inactivity, consumption of tobacco or alcohol.

 

In some cases, genetic factors also play a role and pose an increased risk when combined with an unhealthy Lifestyle.

 

Prevention

Heart disease can be prevented by leading a Healthy lifestyle that includes a healthy diet healthy weight being physically active not smoking and taking alcohol in Limited amounts.

 

For individuals with other heart conditions like high blood pressure or Diabetes, it is important to keep a check on cholesterol and blood pressure. People with should regularly monitor their blood sugar levels.