Chronic fatigue syndrome (also called myalgic encephalomyelitis) is a serious condition that affects body it is characterized by sleep at abnormalities, fatigue, pain and other symptoms that worsen by exertion.
People with CFS get overwhelming fatigue that does not go away with rest. Such patients find it hard to do daily tasks like taking a shower or going to school.
1 out of 4 patients are confined to bed are their homes during the time of illness.
CFS is most common people between 40 and 60 years of age but can affect children, adults and even older people.
Because of the nature of the disease, over 90% people with CFS do not get diagnosed.
Symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome
People with chronic fatigue syndrome may feel pain in joints or muscles, get fatigued easily, are unable to exercise and exhibit signs of forgetfulness.
Other symptoms include excess sleepiness, depression, headache, weakness and sore throat.
An individual witnessing any of such symptoms for a prolonged period should immediately consult a doctor.
Diagnosis of CFS is done by conducting a thorough examination of the patient and his family medical history. This is followed by a thorough physical and mental examination and a few tests of blood and urine.
In some cases, medical practitioners may refer their patients to specialists like Rheumatologist, Neurologist or a sleep specialist.
There is no cure or treatment for fatigue syndrome. Medical practitioners, however, treat or manage some symptoms.
Medical practitioners focus on treating or managing symptoms that cause most problems. They usually discuss the possible benefits of treatments with patients and their family members.
A few common symptoms that medical practitioners treat or manage are sleep problems, pain, depression, and anxiety, dizziness, and lightheadedness, & finally memory and concentration problems.
Self-care is the primary way to treat CFS. This could include indulging in activities that an individual enjoys doing. Simple relaxation techniques such as deep breathing meditation and yoga are also helpful.
Another way to treat symptoms of CFS is by using antidepressants.
Medical Specialists such as clinical psychologists and psychiatrists also help in treating and managing CFS.