Asthma is a disease in which breathing becomes difficult due to coughing wheezing and shortness of breath. The difficulty in breathing is caused by narrowing and swelling of airways that also produce extra mucus.

Asthma affects your lungs and causes recurring wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and early morning coughing.

To some individuals asthma could be a little trouble while to others it could be a life-threatening disease.

Unfortunately, there is no permanent cure for asthma yet its symptoms can be effectively controlled. Impact of asthma usually keeps changing over a period of time and it is important to be in touch with your medical practitioner to make adjustments to the treatment.

Symptoms of asthma

Symptoms of asthma vary from person to person. Some people show signs and symptoms of asthma time to time whereas others have it all the time.

Main symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath, pain in the chest, inability to sleep due to shortness of breath or coughing, whistling sound when exhaling.

Asthma triggers

Asthma is triggered by exposure to substances that generally trigger allergies. These allergens include dust mites, pollen, pet dander etc. asthma can also be triggered due to respiratory infections like the common cold.

Other forms of triggers are air pollutants and certain medications like aspirin, Ibuprofen, and naproxen.

Asthma risk factors

There are a number of risk factors that could lead an individual to develop asthma. Some of these risk factors include smoking, being overweight, living in a polluted environment and workplace that is exposed to harmful chemicals like pesticides and hair dyeing products.


Asthma is best prevented by identifying and avoiding the triggers that cause it. Some other preventive measures are as follows:

  • Making an asthma action plan that includes a proper medication plan and how to manage asthma by doing regular monitoring and treatment.
  • In case of a mild attack, treating it well within time.
  • Always keeping a quick-relief inhaler handy.
  • Getting vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia.
  • Keeping a check on your breathing and take preventive measures at early indications of short breathlessness.